Human Trafficking 

Commercially Sexually Exploited Children (CSEC) also known as Sex Trafficking

AB 1227 expands the California Healthy Youth Act requires that schools train about sexual abuse and human trafficking identification and prevention at least once in middle school and once in high school.

In San Diego County, a $3 million dollar grant has been awarded to the The San Diego Trafficking Prevention Collective to teach prevention to schools in San Diego County.

The goal of the Collective is to reach students through three programs that emphasize education, empowerment and intervention. The programs will educate students in the fifth, seventh, ninth and eleventh grades about human trafficking. The collaborative effort means more than just reaching students and teachers. The programs will also help to train other district staff, such as nurses, bus drivers and cafeteria employees on how to recognize the signs of a child who is being used by traffickers.

From the San Diego County District Attorney Website:

What is Human Trafficking?

Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery where perpetrators profit from the sexual exploitation and/or forced labor of men, women and children. It is a violation of basic human rights, and it is also a crime as defined by U.S. federal law and California state law.

Sex trafficking is the exploitation of a person by means including coercion or deceit to engage in commercial sexual activity, prostitution, exotic dancing, or pornography. (When the victim is a minor under the age of 18 years old, sex trafficking does not require force or coercion. Minors cannot legally consent to sexual activity)

Labor trafficking is the exploitation of a person by means including coercion or deceit for labor services. Labor trafficking victims are often forced into domestic servitude, construction, restaurant, agricultural, massage parlors, or sweatshop factory work with little or no pay.

Human Trafficking Facts and Figures

  • Human trafficking is not a choice. A person cannot consent to become enslaved.

  • Human trafficking is different than smuggling. Smuggling is based on transportation; trafficking is based on exploitation (although the two can occur together).

  • Human trafficking does not require that a victim be moved over state or international borders. Human Trafficking is also a domestic issue inside CA state and San Diego County.

  • 27 million people are trafficked each year worldwide, with approximately 18,000 victims in the U.S. (U.S. Department of State)

  • Human trafficking is one of the most profitable criminal enterprises with estimates of profit worldwide of $32 billion, and 9.5 billion annually in the U.S.

  • California, a populous border state with a significant immigrant population is one of the nation’s top four destination states for trafficking of human beings.

  • San Diego was identified by the FBI as of the top 13 high intensity child prostitution areas.

  • Human Trafficking that is based in sexual exploitation and its related forms of pimping and pandering form the majority of criminal prosecutions.

Who are the Victims of Human Trafficking?

  • Victims of human trafficking include children, women and men.

  • Victims of human trafficking can be domestic or foreign to include U.S. citizens and legal residents, or foreign nationals including those legally documented or undocumented.

  • Victims regularly include runaway youths solicited and recruited for prostitution and other forms of sexual exploitation.

  • Victims often have backgrounds of child abuse/domestic violence, but do span every socioeconomic and family background.

Who are the Perpetrators of Human Trafficking?

  • Attempt to induce or persuade a child or minor under the age of 18 to engage in prostitution, pornography or other forms of sexual exploitation.

  • Deprive or violate the personal liberty of anyone 18 or above through means including coercion, duress or deceit to engage the victim in prostitution, pornography or other forms of sexual exploitation.

  • Deprive or violate the liberty of anyone under or over the age of 18 through means including coercion, duress or deceit to obtain forced labor or services.

  • Perpetrators include family members, boyfriends, peer recruiters and organized criminals and gangs.

What are the warning signs of human trafficking based on sexual exploitation of a Minor?

Parents, teachers, employers, counselors, nurses, doctors, other professionals and friends of trafficking victims are often unaware of the abuse that is happening right in front of their eyes.

  • Running away from home

  • Truancy, chronic absenteeism

  • Sudden drop in grades

  • Change of friends or alienation from regular friends

  • Rumors among students regarding sex activities

  • Sudden change in behavior, attitude or attire

  • Anger, aggression, being suicidal or fearful

  • Claims of a new and mysterious/secretive “boyfriend”

  • Use of drugs (i.e. marijuana and ecstasy)

  • Weight loss

  • Bruises or other physical trauma

  • New cell phone or multiple cell phones

  • Use of terminology related to prostitution

  • Tattoos that are related to pimping/prostitution activity

  • Secrecy with social media and phone